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Table 7 A semantic and textual analysis of the contributions typed/written and shared by students via chat rooms during the distance learning activity

From: Process modeling and decision mining in a collaborative distance learning environment

Contributions High performance Low performance
Total number of words typed during the activity 7,893 2,130
Average number of words typed (per group) 395 213
Total number of questions asked during the activity 73 16
Average number of questions asked during the activity (per group) 3.65 1.6
Total number of written sentences addressed to the whole group 13 4
Total number of written sentences addressed to a specific person 2 17
Total number of encouragements in the sentences 11 3
Total number of acknowledgements in the sentences 2 0
Total number of uncertainty expressions due to lack of experience in the sentences 0 4
Total number of uncertain statements (such as perhaps, maybe) in the sentences 5 37
Total number of certain statements (such as It is, I think, I’m sure) in the sentences 47 6